Choose the Right Life Insurance Beneficiary: What You Need to Know

life insurance beneficiary

You made a great decision to get coverage, but don’t screw it up with your life insurance beneficiary choice.

The fact that you are taking matters into your own hands is a great first step and far better than relying on GoFundMe life insurance.

Understanding Life Insurance Beneficiaries

Choosing your beneficiary is one of the most important life insurance decisions.

What is a life insurance beneficiary?

A beneficiary is a person, trust, or entity designated to receive the life insurance benefit when the insured dies.

Who gets to choose the beneficiary?

The owner of the policy gets to make beneficiary decisions.

You will choose your beneficiaries as part of the application and underwriting process.

Our Life Insurance for Dummies guide is a great place to start if you’ve never applied.

There may be rare instances where a court order (divorce) or an irrevocable designation stops you from making changes, but otherwise, if you own the policy, you are the boss.

Whether you buy term life insurance or another type, choosing beneficiaries is the same.

Primary vs. Contingent Beneficiaries

When the insured dies, a primary beneficiary is first in line to receive the life insurance proceeds.

The primary beneficiaries are those who you want to receive the money.

A contingent beneficiary only receives the proceeds if the primary beneficiary dies before the insured dies.

Your contingent beneficiary only receives the proceeds if the primary beneficiary has died and the insured is still alive.

The reason why you should name contingent beneficiaries is because of the Uniform Simultaneous Death Act.

Just as important as choosing your beneficiaries is to ensure you get the right amount of life insurance and policy riders and set up how the death benefit proceeds get paid out.

Life insurance statistics show that most beneficiaries do not receive enough insurance proceeds, so take steps to ensure that doesn’t happen to you.

Beneficiary Options

Just about anyone, but choose carefully to ensure that the life insurance proceeds are received by the people you intended.

The type of insurance does not matter as the process is the same whether you buy accidental death, term, universal, or whole life.

Examples of possible beneficiaries include:


The most common option is to name your spouse as your beneficiary, whether it’s your spouse, parents, children, grandchildren, etc. It all depends on what you’re trying to accomplish.

Standard terms used when designating beneficiaries:

Per Stirpes – “by the branch” is a designation that may be used if you named beneficiaries but also wanted the proceeds to go to the beneficiary’s heirs if the beneficiary died.

Per Capita—”by the person” designation. For example, if you had three beneficiaries on your policy, each would receive 1/3 of the death benefit. If one of the beneficiaries died before the insured, the proceeds would be split between the two surviving beneficiaries.

Another beneficiary designation that is rarely used is a tertiary beneficiary. A tertiary beneficiary could be set up to receive insurance proceeds if your primary and contingent were not alive to receive proceeds.


Trusts may be revocable or irrevocable.

A revocable trust allows the grantor to make changes at any time before death, while an irrevocable trust cannot be changed once it is in existence.

Trusts provide tax advantages and better control over life insurance proceeds, especially for larger policies (think $5 million or more).

Irrevocable trusts are often used as the owner and beneficiary for large estates and survivorship life insurance.

Additional benefits of trusts as beneficiaries may include greater control over family members, creditor protection, financial management, and more.

Examples, of where trusts are beneficial, include protecting children and seniors, especially when trying to keep the proceeds from ending up in a nursing home.


Your favorite charity may benefit by naming them the beneficiary of your life insurance policy.

In the ideal situation, the life insurance benefit is greater than what you would have donated if you had given cash to the charity.


In many business cases, the company may benefit from the policy.

This may be the case for buy-sell or key person agreements.

Other business policies are used for SBA loans. In this case, the policy is collaterally assigned to the lender.

Important Considerations

The following are important points to remember about beneficiaries.

What is the Uniform Simultaneous Death Act (USDA), and does it matter to you?

The Uniform Simultaneous Death Act (USDA) is a law enacted to deal with simultaneous deaths from an inheritance standpoint.

If it can’t be established that one person died before the other by 120 hours, the USDA deems that each person predeceased the other.

Why does this matter?

A typical example is when spouses buy life insurance and name each other as the primary beneficiaries of their policies.

They also name contingent beneficiaries.

If the couple died simultaneously in a car accident, the USDA says that each spouse died before the other.

According to USDA, the primary beneficiary died before the insured, meaning the life insurance proceeds will be paid to the contingent beneficiaries listed on the policies.

Do Beneficiaries Pay Taxes on Life Insurance?

The good news is that most death benefits are tax-free to beneficiaries.

Of course, there are exceptions, but they mainly involve some business life insurance or estate planning policies.

You should always ask your accountant or attorney about tax questions.

Beneficiary Mistakes

The good news is that many beneficiary mistakes can be fixed.

The policy owner controls the policy and can make changes in most cases.

The following are mistakes to avoid.

Naming Minor Children Directly

There will be delays when you name your minor child as the beneficiary of your life insurance policy.

A court proceeding will need to take place. A guardian will manage the insurance proceeds until the minor child reaches adulthood.

Naming Your Estate

Life insurance proceeds are generally received tax-free, but that could change when you name your estate as your life insurance beneficiary.

If left to your estate, your policy proceeds will go through the probate process and be subject to court and administrative fees.

Mixing Beneficiaries Across Marriages

If you think putting your ex-spouse and your current spouse as beneficiaries on the same policy is a good idea, think again!

Get two policies with the ex-spouse on one policy and your current spouse on the other.

The same goes for children from multiple marriages…get separate policies.

This one is just common sense to do to avoid problems in the future among your beneficiaries.

Many companies offer 500k of life insurance without a medical exam. It’s never been easier to get coverage.

That means you get to skip the paramed exam, get weighed, or worry about nicotine in your system if you smoke cigars or chew tobacco.

The insurance company will simply request your medical records, check the MIB, ask questions about your overall health, and ask if you are replacing an existing policy.


You have questions about beneficiaries, and we have the answers.

Final Words

Take your time when deciding on your beneficiary.

Remember that you can make changes in the future if you are the policy owner.

Recent Articles

Scroll to Top